Tenspiler: A Verified Lifting-Based Compiler for Tensor Operations

Jie QiuColin CaiSahil BhatiaNiranjan HasabnisSanjit A. SeshiaAlvin Cheung

Tensor processing infrastructures such as deep learning frameworks and specialized hardware accelerators have revolutionized how computationally intensive code from domains such as deep learning and image processing is executed and optimized. These infrastructures provide powerful and expressive abstractions while ensuring high performance. However, to utilize them, code must be written specifically using the APIs / ISAs of such software frameworks or hardware accelerators. Importantly, given the fast pace of innovation in these domains, code written today quickly becomes legacy as new frameworks and accelerators are developed, and migrating such legacy code manually is a considerable effort.
To enable developers in leveraging such DSLs while preserving their current programming paradigm, we introduce Tenspiler, a verified lifting-based compiler that uses program synthesis to translate sequential programs written in general-purpose programming languages (e.g., C++ or Python code) into tensor operations. Central to Tenspiler is our carefully crafted yet simple intermediate language, named TensIR, that expresses tensor operations. TensIR enables efficient lifting, verification, and code generation.
Currently, Tenspiler already supports \textbf{six} DSLs, spanning a broad spectrum of software and hardware environments. Furthermore, we show that new backends can be easily supported by Tenspiler by adding simple pattern-matching rules for TensIR. Using 10 real-world code benchmark suites, our experimental evaluation shows that by translating code to be executed on \textbf{6} different software frameworks and hardware devices, Tenspiler offers on average 105× kernel and 9.65× end-to-end execution time improvement over the fully-optimized sequential implementation of the same benchmarks.

URL: https://arxiv.org/abs/2404.18249